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How flying cars invent and when start first flight


Flying cars flying in the air or driving on land transform from a road car to an airplane the worlds first flying car made its maiden flight in the united states in early march 2009 and after landing the wings could be folded and driven onto the highway at the push of a buttonon july 6 2010 the land and air variant vehicle manufactured by the american company terrafugia was allowed to be put into commercial production by the us aviation authorities on march 6 2018 dutch company pal-v launched its final production version of the flying car and began accepting pre-orders on its company website which will be available in 2019 for about 600000 in january 2022 aircar officially received the certificate of airworthiness issued by the slovak transport agency 5 on november 17 2022 the worlds first manned two-seat intelligent split flying car engineering prototype was released in chongqing

Engine type
Screw thrusters
Flying cars
In 1917
Make people
G. Curtis
12.2 meters
First flight
Leap Transition
Flying car



birth3 develop4 first flight5 collection6 appearanceprophecyedit broadcastin the 40s of the 20th century when automobile and aviation technology had developed considerably henry ford the founder of ford motor company boldly issued a scientific prediction that flying cars will appear sooner or later.


In 1917 the father of flying cars g curtis first showed people flying cars as a new means of transportation his aluminum autoplane exaggerately houses three wings with a wingspan of 12.2 meters with a car engine driving a four-bladed screw at the rear the autoplane never really took to the skies but it achieved some short-distance fly-style jumps.


In the 50s people began to study the actual action of modern flying cars on the journey to modern flying car technology the first to bear the brunt of the past is an american named moor taylor he worked tirelessly in 1986 hyundai motor and aviation technology were finally combined to form a flying car that could run on the ground and fly in the air and obtained a flight permit issued by the relevant government departments taylor has since taught people to be known as the pioneer of modern flying cars however because it is equipped with a straight fixed wing that is 5-6 times wider than the body when driving or taking off and landing on the highway not only will it affect the normal traffic order but the wing is also restricted by roadside obstacles which is difficult to teach people practical therefore the flying car pioneered by taylor had to become a prototype car on the testing ground.

Slovak engineer and designer stefan klein inspired by flying dreams focused on developing flying cars for decades now that the prototype has been successfully tested the klein team has begun to upgrade the flying car hoping that it will be launched soon klein has been developing flying cars since the early 90s naming this dream flying machine air movement the earliest prototype was air mobile version 10 which has now been upgraded to version 30 in september 2013 klein personally flew the first test flight of air mobile 25 this flying car is blue and white uses a steel frame and a carbon fiber composite shell has a streamlined cockpit a smooth rear wing and a pretty beautiful appearance it is 6 meters long and has a net weight of 450 kilograms and can be used for two people .

Sit with folding wings with a propeller in the tail driven by a rotax 912 engine when the wing is retracted it can be easily parked in a regular parking space or garage and can also be refueled at a regular gas station driving into the airport it can open its wings in seconds and transform into an ultralight aircraft with a wingspan of 82 meters the test flight results showed that it can reach a maximum speed of 200 kilometers per hour in flight mode and a top speed of 160 kilometers per hour on the ground the flight range after filling up with fuel is 700 km in the air and 500 km on the ground .

In response trafogia responded that the company will start developing the next flying car tf-x and announced its design model.

According to the company the tf-x is more advanced than the first generation of flying cars it has more interior space can accommodate 4 passengers comfortably like a car can take off vertically like a helicopter without a runway and can fly 500 miles ( about 804.67 kilometers) non-stop .

Robert mann a well-known aviation industry analyst with an aviation consulting firm in port washington new york city believes that trafogias products are closest to peoples concept of flying cars but he also pointed out that the problem with the transition lies in the sales market.

Mann said the general aviation market has been on a downward trend over the past 20 years due to fuel costs and high manufacturing costs for merchants and consumers speeding is not cheap given its uniqueness the product can have a certain amount of sales but the question is whether it will be profitable.

After entering the 90s in order to make flying cars truly practical some experts broke through taylors design model and devoted themselves to the development of folding flying cars.

The technology was pioneered by engineer kenneth wernick of airbus technology design and development in california usa who developed a flying car with foldable wing propeller blades by folding the wings on the body you can drive on the road like a car once the wings are unfolded you can take to the air with four seats it can fly up to 660 km the flight altitude is 5000 meters the range is 160 kilometers when parked the wings and propeller blades are folded to occupy the position of a family car thus opening the door for the flying car to exit the test site first test flight at 185 kilometers per hour on land the pal-v resembled a closed motorcycle more like a car than a car and its mechanical-hydraulic system allowed it to turn diagonally its fuel economy is 28 miles per gallon in road mode and 9.5 gallons per hour in airplane mode.

On february 13 2015 the worlds first flying folding car came out which can be legally flown and run on the road.

In january 2022 aircar officially received the certificate of airworthiness issued by the slovak transport agency 5 in may 2022 the federal aviation administration (FAA) issued 135 air carrier certificates to joby aviation a flying car company this means that taxi services fly from the ground to the skies over the city officially licensed for the first time it also means that the business model and low-altitude right of way envisaged by flying cars have been clarified for the first time.

On july 29 2022 chodai conducted a flying car flight experiment on the coast of the seto inland sea in fukuyama city hiroshima prefecture using the beach as the take-off and landing site it flew about 600 meters at a speed of about 30 kilometers per hour at an altitude of 30 meters on the sea surface the goal is to realize movement to outlying islands and practical use during sightseeing flights and to confirm safety during operation .

On august 4 2022 the nikkei shimbun reported that mitsubishi jisho and japan airlines jal will conduct manned flights of flying cars in tokyo in fiscal 2024 .

Frist Flight

In march 2009 the worlds first flying car the transition made its first successful test flight this flying car introduced by the terraforda company of massachusetts usa can fly in the air or drive on land it can transform from a two-seater road car to an airplane in 15 seconds the manufacturer says that since it uses regular unleaded gasoline driving such a car is simple in addition a regular garage can accommodate it the leap is powered by a 100-horsepower engine which is both the drive of the car and the rear thruster of the aircraft when you want to fly just press a button and in 15 seconds your car will be transformed into an airplane with a wingspan of more than 7 meters when not flying the wings can be folded up and scaled next to the drivers seat in addition leap is equipped with high-end scientific and technological equipment such as global positioning system electronic computer automatic control system and satellite control technology and pilots do not need to master the difficult driving technology like aircraft pilots.

This flying car is easy to use and service because it runs on common unleaded gasoline and can be refueled at gas stations the leap flying car can fly at about 115 miles per hour and can fly 500 miles at a time with a full tank trafogia manager carl dijetrik revealed that they have received 40 orders for each vehicle that is expected to sell for 200000 in the long run this flying car which can save a lot of time has the potential to beat ordinary cars.

Flying cars still have one or two drawbacks the problem of insuring the speeder and the driver is a bit tricky and finding a suitable take-off location is not easy in the united states the only legal place to take off from the road is alaska.

In 2012 the flying car prototype developed by trafoggia company in massachusetts completed its first test flight and the flying car prototype developed by them has completed its first test flight which is a big step towards the goal of launching market sales within one year code-named transition the flying car can fly through the air like a rotorcraft or run on the road like a car the flying car has two seats four wheels and when the wings are folded it can drive like a car the skycraft flew for eight minutes at an altitude of 426 meters during a test flight last month generally the flight altitude of jet aircraft is about 10000 meters dietrich founder of trafugia said after the successful test flight the rd team realized a dream that was considered impossible.

Hailed as the worlds first flying car the terrafugia transition although slightly heavier than the smallest private jet is approved by the federal aviation administration faa as a light sport aircraft that will legally drive on the road and fly in the sky it is reported that after passing the crash test the feitian transition will be sold in 2014 and is expected to be sold for $194000

Under the federal aviation administrations classification light sport aircraft weigh up to 1320 pounds but massachusetts-based terrafugia found the transition equipped with road safety equipment such as airbags anti-collision buffer zone roll cage 120 pounds overweight but the federal aviation administration still approved it as a light sports aircraft saying that the car could be sold as long as consumers were informed of the extra weight to get a license for a light sport aircraft it only takes 20 hours of flight time .

The two-seater transition which made its maiden flight in new york in march has folded wings into a front-wheel-drive car that can travel up to 65 miles per hour on the highway and 30 miles per gallon of regular unleaded gasoline 1 once the transition arrives at a suitable location for takeoff such as an airfield or a flat enough private site the electrically controlled wings can be deployed in 30 seconds and the propeller behind it can be activated for takeoff it travels 115 miles in the air can fly 400 miles with a single refuel and carries a load of 450 pounds it requires a 1700-foot runway to take off and can be parked in a standard garage .

Terrafugia says one of the advantages of the transition over regular aircraft is safety as it simply lands on the ground in bad weather and does not have to be grounded or continue flying in unsafe conditions the company said 70 people booked transition each paying a 10000 deposit  in may 2013 terrafugia announced that its worlds first flying car the transition is expected to be available in 2015 the price is expected to be $300000 buyers of the transition flying car must have a pilots license and pass 20 hours of flight testing.



The arrowbile designed by waldo waterman in 1937 was the product of studebakers automobile-plus flying device similar to the autoplane the car also has a screw thruster in the tail this three-wheeled vehicle is powered by a standard 100 hp stullebeck engine the wing can be separated from the body and placed separately the project could not proceed due to lack of funds.


In 1946 robert fulton a distant relative of steam engine inventor watt designed airphibian unlike previous designs that converted cars into flying tools fulton experimented with transforming airplanes into road-friendly vehicles for this purpose the wing and tail components of the aircraft are removable while the propellers can be hidden inside the fuselage it only takes five minutes to turn an airplane into a car the airphibian became the first flying car to be recognized by the us civil aviation administration the predecessor of the faa it has a 150 hp 6-cylinder engine that can fly about 1931 kilometers per hour and travel at about 805 kilometers per hour on the road while fultons design was successful the airphibian project ultimately failed to secure reliable investment.


In the 40s of the 20th century consolidated-vultee developed a coupe with a detachable flying device the convaircar debuted in 1947 and flew for an hour and covered a distance of about 72 kilometers with about 38 liters of gasoline unfortunately it crashed on its third flight and the marketing plan died with it.


Mmoor taylor met robert fulton at an early age and was inspired by his design philosophy to design perhaps the most famous and successful flying car to date the aerocar smoothly alternates between land and air taylor uses fiberglass materials for car bodies a propeller shaft of about 3 meters connects the engine to the screw pusher with an air speed of 193 kilometers per hour it is the second and last aircraft to be recognized by the faa for use as a double car in 1970 ford motor company even considered producing the aerocar series of flying cars but the decade-long oil crisis thwarted those plans.


It was the first flying car helicopter designed specifically for the military and was the result of a collaboration between the canadian and british militaries the ufo-shaped avrocar was planned to be used as a light air transport to airlift soldiers to the front line but not a flying car in general.


The new vehicle called aircar has four seats four doors and four wheels in land mode and can fold huge wings in seconds in air mode the diesel-powered aircraft can cruise at 25000 feet 7620 meters at speeds of 200 mph (about 321 kmh)

Transitioning from an airplane to a car state the wings simply fold inward with the rear wheel pivot forward and the front wheel pivot backward when flying in the air the silver air car is powered by two 160 brake horsepower and the flight distance of 1000 miles about 1609 kilometers requires refueling when landed on the ground designer milner motors said a pair of main wings 28 feet about 85 meters wide were folded behind the car while another pair of small wings folded in front of the car the size of the car is about the same as the toyota corolla and the honda civic it is powered by a separate 40 hp diesel engine and can reach a top speed of 85 mph (about 136 km/h).

Inside the aerial car there are two lcd computer screens that can appropriately display driving information in air mode and ground mode the driver can be controlled using a conventional steering wheel in car and airplane modes designer milner said that on the basis of the air car we are developing all-electric power vehicles so that the cost of manufacturing the air car is reduced this means that we are able to produce components in large quantities suitable for both modes of traffic motos and milner from vancouver canada claim to have built an aerial car that can operate in air mode they expect it to sell for around $250000


Rafi yoeli has successfully driven a flying car three feet off the ground in the development stage and hopes to launch the x-hawk for the international market by 2010 while his dream seemed far away textron incs bell helicopters took the idea seriously partnering with urban aeronautics a privately held company that yoyeri founded to develop the x-hawk.

Externally the x-hawk looks like a ahead of its time with a streamlined design a cockpit-like cockpit and two fans protruding from the rear of the vehicle one of x-hawks standard-size flight simulators is currently located at the headquarters of the city airline in the central israeli city of yavneh jojeri largely sees the x-hawk and mule as trucks that can brave bullets to storm dangerous sites of fighting and terror transport rescuers and supplies and evacuate people in danger like a helicopter of similar size the x-hawk can take off and land vertically with a speed of 155 miles per hour and a maximum flight altitude of 12000 feet and can fly nonstop in the air for about two hours according to city airlines.

The x-hawk will replace the encased fan with the enclosed rotor having to fly away from walls wires and ridges the closed rotor makes it impossible for helicopters to maneuver effectively in urban areas or in tight natural terrain in addition the x-hawk has a by-wire system that provides pure lateral control by locating the upper and lower blades of the propeller duct making the aircraft more stable city airlines says the x-hawk can fly sideways against buildings jennina frankl-yoyeri the companys vice president of marketing operations said the x-hawk is lighter and more stealthy than helicopters however due to the smaller diameter of the rotary shaft the x-hawk consumes 50 more fuel than a helicopter.

Yoeri began working on the x-hawk and mule prototypes in 2000 flatt said the terrorist attacks in new york on september 11 2001 made vertical take-off and landing vehicles popular ever since the military is gradually understanding that they also have to fight in the cities in this way we target unmanned aerial vehicles capable of reconnaissance obviously the next step is to hope for the early availability of aircraft that can provide practical rescue in urban areas flying cars flying cars.

Mule scheduled to carry two wounded people is estimated to sell for 1.5 million while the civilian ten-seat x-hawk for rescue missions utilities or transportation by company executives is expected to sell for around 35 million in addition the military x-hawk which can carry 12 people and is equipped with more advanced equipment is expected to cost 6 million both tatro and flatt said the cost estimates for the military x-hawk may be low yoeri estimates that the unmanned mule prototype could be launched into flight within two to three years and put into production within five years according to jojeris plan the manned x-hawk will complete its first flight in 2009 and be on sale within eight years he hopes that the x-hawk will eventually achieve impressive annual sales of 250 to 300 aircraft and the total number of helicopters sold worldwide will be only 2000 per year.


Development of this flying car for the masses began in 1999 and in 2006 a concept car was launched a prototype of which is now available in the netherlands and will soon begin mass production this flying car like a three-wheeled motor vehicle on land can reach a maximum speed of 200 kilometers per hour in the air it is like the small rotorcraft piloted by sean connery in the 007 series of movies thunder valley and the maximum speed can reach 190 kilometers per hour.

The secret of the flying car is hidden at the top and tail end of it foldable impeller on top with adjustable rotational speed to control flight altitude tail thrusters which are responsible for providing forward action the rear is equipped with a patented self-balancing device that guarantees that the flying car automatically tilts when turning such a simple set of flight equipment can ensure that the flying car can accelerate from a standstill to a speed of 90 kilometers per hour in 5 seconds it takes 50 meters to take off and taxi less than 5 meters to land and taxi and can fly up to 1200 meters in the air and can fly up to 550 kilometers at a time after filling up with fuel it is a pity that the flying car can only be used by one person for the time being.

Experts who develop the flying car say the car is designed for volkswagen and is aimed at office workers who are suffering from traffic jams john barker the inventor of the flying car said since henry ford invented the t-shaped ford people have dreamed of one day being able to drive an amphibious vehicle and this dream has finally come true 90 years later buck said that in countries and regions with imperfect infrastructure flying cars are safer and faster than ordinary means of transportation in developed areas it can help people save a lot of time stuck in traffic the designers believe that when the flying car is officially launched the price will not be much more expensive than that of the limousine for people who want to drive flying cars and have a car license it only takes 10 to 20 hours of training to obtain an amateur pilots license the cars makers expect it to play a bigger role in the future such as emergency services and commercial regulation they already plan to build 60 helipads in the netherlands to meet future demand.

The flying car adopts an environmentally friendly and fuel-saving land and air engine this engine uses unleaded gasoline for ordinary cars and is sold at general roadside gas stations not only that the cars internal control system is also dual-use on the ground the slender flying car is as comfortable as a limousine and more dexterous than ordinary cars because the design patented balance system guarantees its dexterity in the air because the flight altitude is lower than the flight altitude of commercial flights the driver of the flying car does not have to submit a flight report to the relevant authorities in advance many foreign countries have liberalized air traffic control such as in the united states there is less air traffic control below 3000 meters and some western european countries are also below 2000 meters and 1500 meters the folding rotor of the flying car ensures the safety of driving and landing unlike ordinary helicopters the impeller of a flying car rotates in the air with only aerodynamic forces even if the engine fails in the air the impeller on top can continue to rotate allowing the flying car to land smoothly instead of suddenly the vehicle is equipped with satellite positioning system gps radar electronic computer automatic control system and satellite control technology etc which can also ensure its safety in the air to the greatest extent.

On march 6 2018 dutch company pal-v launched its final production version of the flying car and began accepting pre-orders on its company website which will be available in 2019 for about 600000 made of carbon fiber titanium and aluminum the speeder weighs 1500 pounds 680 kilograms and requires a 165-meter runway for takeoff and just 30 meters for landing driving on land the flying car can travel at a maximum speed of 160 km h and a maximum flight speed of 180 km h the flying car has a maximum flight altitude of about 3352 meters and a maximum flight range of about 563 kilometers .

The first in china

The production workshop of xian meilian aviation technology co ltd saw a flying car that was still in production the flying car has a flat-arced head with led lights on both sides of the head rotors on the top and tail and 4 wheels installed on the chassis which can accommodate two people indoors the steering wheel and seats used in the flying car are exactly the same as those used in f1 cars and the material used to make the seats is fiberglass the exterior of the flying car is made of carbon fiber and high-strength titanium.

The weight of the entire flying car is 450 kg the length of the rotor is 84 meters and the length width and height of the driving mode are 46 meters 20 meters and 146 meters respectively it has a maximum take-off weight of 600 kg a maximum cruising speed of 180 kmh and a two-wheel drive driving speed of 120 kmh it is equipped with a 70-liter fuel tank using ordinary 97 leaded or unleaded gasoline and can fly for 3 4 hours .

On november 17 2022 the worlds first manned two-seat intelligent split flying car engineering prototype was released in chongqing 10 the flying car adopts the split configuration of three independent modules of autonomous vertical take-off and landing aircraft intelligent control cockpit and automatic driving chassis and is a three-dimensional carrier system for carrying people and cargo

Toyota motor

In october 2021 according to foreign media reports james weave ceo of toyotas woven city revealed in a recent interview that the company is constantly advancing flying car projects and has begun testing technologies such as electric vertical takeoff and landing.


On april 20 2017 slovak startup aeromobil unveiled the worlds first commercial design of a flying car the company said the flying car is ready for pre-order and expects to be delivered in 2020.

Aeromobi unveiled the companys teardrop flying car the aeromobil flying car at top marques monaco monacos annual luxury sports car show the company says the flying car takes less than 3 minutes to switch from ground driving mode to flight mode the folding wings allow the flying car to be driven on the road as well as unfolded and flying in the air .

In 2022 flying cars will be unveiled at the osaka expo and according to nikkei the 2025 osaka expo hopes to build a flying taxi line connecting eight destinations carrying about 20 departures per hour the flying taxi will connect the osaka expo location with other places such as osaka kobe and airports in kyoto and surrounding areas.

On november 17 2022 the worlds first manned two-seat intelligent split flying car engineering prototype was released in chongqing this flying car was developed by the team of xiang changle an academician of the chinese academy of engineering and jointly released by beijing institute of technology beijing institute of technology chongqing innovation center kuhei technology beijing co ltd and chongqing municipality .

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